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:: No.1 ::
Landscape photography is, in many respects, very different
from other types of photography. In studio, portraiture, advertising,
editorial, scientific, and even some architectural photography,
the photographer can usually control elements in the scene.
These elements include the relative position of objects, the background,
the foreground, the lighting position and quality, and
the color or black-and-white tonal range of the scene.

Conversely, when photographing landscapes, you are at the
mercy of these elements – quickly changing weather, changing
and uneven illumination, poor contrast or limited tonal range,
undesirable yet unchangeable foregrounds or backgrounds, and
extraneous objects in the scene which may significantly detract
from your composition. Your challenge as a fine-art landscape
photographer is to turn these liabilities into assets, to highlight
nature's diverse range of natural composition, and to reveal the
simple, underlying beauty of the landscape.

Before we take you into the field to capture the great outdoors
on film, we cover what type of equipment is ideal for landscape
photography. You will learn which equipment is best suited
to your goals and budget. Keeping you indoors a little while
longer, Section Two explores the subjectivity in the definition of
art, the intentional manipulation of reality, types of landscape
photography, and the important balance between creativity and

By then, you will be ready to step outside where, in
Section Three, we hope to expand your vision. You will see the
landscape in terms of nature’s intricate organization, simple
designs, and rich palette of tonalities and light. With this foundation
in composition, Section Four concentrates on the significance
and techniques of focus and controlling tonalities in b&w
images. Understanding the role of the darkroom process follows
in Section Five, along with suggestions on how to frame, display,
and even sell your images. Finally, in Section Six, we provide five
images with point-by-point analyses covering composition, field,
and darkroom techniques.

“Your challenge as a
fine-art landscape
photographer is to turn
liabilities into assets ...”
We assume that you are already familiar with camera and film
basics and terminology. This book will build on your existing
knowledge of photography and take you to the next plateau of
creating beautiful, fine-art b&w landscape images.

:: No.2 ::
The traditional chemical darkroom provides photographers the means to
control the processing of black-and-white images. By using tools such as
dodging and burning and techniques that influence the color cast of a
print, photographers tap creative talents to convey the feeling of the moment
when an image was captured. During this process, knowledge of
darkroom chemistry is combined with the sensitivity of an artist to create a
fine-art print. This print, the finale to the composition and performance of
a visual symphony, represents a synthesis of the physical elements of the
scene with the photographer’s visualization of the final image.

With the recent advent of the digital darkroom, photographers are now
able to utilize a broader range of creative techniques to produce fine-art
prints. In addition to the advantages of avoiding personal and environmental
exposure to toxic chemicals, the digital darkroom offers a degree of control
and reproducibility not previously available. For color photographers,
it provides the opportunity to exercise greater control over the creation of
the print, rather than delegating it to a commercial laboratory. The digital
darkroom also enables photographers to utilize and expand upon techniques
derived from the chemical darkroom to create black-and-white
prints from either black-and-white or color images.

The purpose of this book is to describe and illustrate techniques to create
professional-quality black-and-white prints in the digital darkroom.
Familiarity with Adobe Photoshop or a similar imaging program is
assumed. Because Adobe Photoshop is such a powerful program, it represents
the primary imaging program I use in my digital darkroom. Nonetheless,
for those photographers not yet ready to commit to the full Photoshop
program, Adobe Photoshop Elements and other imaging programs
can be utilized to achieve similar results.